National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce

Gregory C. Johnson: Publications

Gregory C. Johnson: Publications

Please click on linked titles of desired publications for pdf copies. If pdf copies can not be made available on this web site, links go the publication web site or in a few cases, the abstract. I may also be able to e-mail a pdf or provide a limited use link upon request for some manuscripts. Paper reprints of publications starting with a "+" are available, and I will happily send copies to those interested upon request. Paper reprints for publications starting with a "-" are either not yet available, in the custody of a co-author, or "sold out", so regrettably I have no copies to send.


In Progress | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000
1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989



- von Schuckmann, K., L. Cheng, M. D. Palmer, J. Hansen, C. Tassone, V. Aich, S. Adusumilli, H. Beltrami, T. Boyer, F. J. Cuesta-Valero, Damien Desbruyères, C. Domingues, A. García-García, P. Gentine, J. Gilson, M. Gorfer, L. Haimberger, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, R. Killick, B. A. King, G. Kirchengast, N. Kolodziejczyki, J. Lyman, B. Marzeion, M. Mayer, M. Monier, D. P. Monselesan, S. Purkey, D. Roemmich, A. Schweiger, S. I. Seneviratne, A. Shepherd, D. A. Slater, A. K. Steiner, F. Straneo, M.-L. Timmermans, and S. E. Wijffels. 2020. Heat stored in the Earth system: Where does the energy go? Earth System Science Data, 12, 2013–2041, doi:10.5194/essd-12-2013-2020.
- Johnson, G. C., C. Cadot, J. H. Lyman, E. L. Steffen, and K. E. McTaggart. 2020. Antarctic Bottom Water Warming in the Brazil Basin: 1990s through 2020, from WOCE to Deep Argo. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, doi:10.1029/2020GL089191.
- Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2020. Warming trends Increasingly Dominate Global Ocean. Nature Climate Change, 10, doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0822-0.
- Johnson, G. C. 2020. Comment on "Corrections for Pumped SBE 41CP CTDs Determined from Stratified Tank Experiments". Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37, 351-355, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0098.1.

- Zanowski, H., and G. C. Johnson. 2019. Semiannual Variations in 1000-dbar Equatorial Indian Ocean Velocity and Isotherm Displacements from Argo Data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 124, 9507-9516, doi:10.1029/2019JC015342.
- Zanowski, H., G. C. Johnson, and J. M. Lyman. 2019. Equatorial Pacific 1000-dbar Velocity and Isotherm Displacements from Argo Data: Beyond the Mean and Seasonal Cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 124, 7873-7882, doi:10.1029/2019JC015032.
- Sloyan, B. M., R. Wanninkhof, M. Kramp, G. C. Johnson, L. Talley, T. Tanhua, E. McDonagh, C. Cusack, E. O'Rourke, E. McGovern, K. Katsumata, S. Diggs, J. Hummon, M. Ishii, K. Azetsu-Scott, E. Boss, I. Ansorge, F. F. Perez, H. Mercier, M. Williams, L. Anderson, J. H. Lee, A. Mourata, and S. Kouketsu. 2019. The Global Ocean Ship-Base Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP): A platform for integrated multidisciplinary ocean science. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:445, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00445.
- Roemmich, D., M. Alford, H. Claustre, K. Johnson, B. King, J. Moum, P. Oke, W. B. Owens, S. Pouliquen, S. Purkey, M. Scanderbeg, T. Suga, S. Wijffels, N. Zilberman, D. Bakker, M. Baringer, M. Belbeoch, H. Bittig, E. Boss, P. Calil, F. Carse, T. Carval, F. Chai, E. D'Asaro, F. d'Ortenzio, G. Dall'Olmo, D. Desbruyeres, K. Fennel, I. Fer, R. Ferrari, H. Freeland, T. Fujiki, M. Gehlen, F. Grant, B. Greenan, R. Hallberg, S. Hosoda, S. Jayne, M. Jochum, G. C. Johnson, K.-R. Kang, J. Klymak, A. Kortzinger, P.-Y. Le Traon, Y.-D. Lenn, G. Maze, K. A. Mork, T. Morris, T. Nagai, J. Nash, A. Naveira Garabato, A. Olsen, R. R. Pattabhi, S. Prakash, S. Riser, C. Schmechtig, C. Schmid, E. Shroyer, A. Sterl, P. Sutton, L. Talley, T. Tanhua, V. Thierry, S. Thomalla, J. Toole, A. Troisi, T. W. Trull, J. Turton, P. J. Velez-Belchi, W. Walczowski, H. Wang, R. Wanninkhof, A. Waterhouse, S. Waterman, A. Watson, C. Wilson, A. P. S. Wong, J. Xu, and I. Yasuda, 2019. On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:439, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00439.
- Meyssignac, B., T. Boyer, Z. Zhao, M. Z. Hakuba, F. W. Landerer, D. Stammer, A. Kohl, S. Kato, T. L'Ecuyer, M. Ablain, J. P. Abraham, A. Blazquez, A. Cazenave, J. Church, R. Cowley, L. Cheng, C. Domingues, D. Giglio, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, R. E. Killick, D. Legler, W. Llovel, J. Lyman, M. D. Palmer, S. Piotrowicz, S. Purkey, D. Roemmich, R. Roca, A. Savita, K. von Schuckmann, S. Speich, G. Stephens, G. G. Wang, S. E. Wijffels, and N. Zilberman. 2019. Measuring global ocean heat content to estimate the Earth energy imbalance. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:432, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00432.
- Howe, B. M., B. K. Arbic, J. Aucan, C. R. Barnes, N. Bayliff, N. Becker, R. Butler, L. Doyle, S. Elipot, G. C. Johnson, F. Landerer, S. Lentz, D. S. Luther, M. Muller, J. Mariano, K. Panayotou, C. Rowe, H. Ota, Y. T. Song, M. Thomas, P. N. Thomas, P. Thompson, F. Tilmann, T. Weber, and S. Weinstein. 2019. SMART Cables for Observing the Global Ocean: Science and Implementation. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:424, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00424.
- Carter, B. R., R. A. Feely, R. Wanninkhof, S. Kouketsu, R. E. Sonnerup, P. C. Pardo, C. L. Sabine, G. C. Johnson, B. M. Sloyan, A. Murata, S. Mecking, B. Tillbrook, K. Speer, L. D. Talley, F. J. Millero, S. E. Wijffels, A. M. Macdonald, N. Gruber, and J. L. Bullister. 2019. Pacific anthropogenic carbon between 1991 and 2017. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33, 597-617, doi:10.1029/2018GB006154.
- Purkey, S. G., G. C. Johnson, L. D. Talley, B. M. Sloyan, S. E. Wijffels, W. Smethie, S. Mecking, and K. Katsumata. 2019. Unabated bottom water warming and freshening in the South Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 124, 1778-1794, doi:10.1029/2018JC014775.
- Johnson, G. C., S. G. Purkey, N. V. Zilberman, and D. Roemmich. 2019. Deep Argo quantifies bottom water warming rates in the Southwest Pacific Basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2662-2669, doi:10.1029/2018GL081685.

- Durack, P. J., P. J. Gleckler, S. G. Purkey, G. C. Johnson, J. M. Lyman, and T. P. Boyer. 2018. Ocean Warming: From the surface to the deep in observations and models. Oceanography, 31(2), 41-51, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2018.227.
- Jackson, J. M., G. C. Johnson, H. V. Dosser, and T. Ross. 2018. Warming from recent marine heatwave lingers in deep British Columbia fjord. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 9757-9764, doi:10.1029/2018GL078971.
- WCRP Global Sea Level Budget Group. 2018. Global sea-level budget 1993-present. Earth System Science Data, 10, 1551-1590, doi:110.5194/essd-10-1551-2018.

- Johnson, G. C., and P. J. Stabeno. 2017. Deep Bering Sea Circulation and Variability, 2001–2016, From Argo Data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 9765-9779, doi:10.10002/2017JC013425.
- Jayne, S. R., D. Roemmich, N. Zilberman, S. C. Riser, K. S. Johnson, G. C. Johnson, and S. R. Piotrowicz. 2017. The Argo program: Present and Future. Oceanography, 30(2), 18-28, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2017.213
- Giglio, D., and G. C. Johnson. 2017. Middepth decadal warming and freshening in the South Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 973-979, doi:10.1002/2016JC012246.
- Logan, P. D., and G. C. Johnson. 2017. Zonal evolution of Alaskan Stream structure and transport quantified with Argo data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 821-833, doi:10.1002/2016JC012302.
- Johnson, G. C., and A. N. Birnbaum. 2017. As El Niño builds, Pacific Warm Pool expands, ocean gains more heat. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 438-445, doi:10.1002/2016GL071767.
- Karnauskas, K. B., G. C. Johnson, and R. Murtugudde. 2017. On the climate impacts of atolls in the central equatorial Pacific. International Journal of Climatology, 37, 197-203, doi:10.1002/joc.4697.

- Johnson, G. C., and A. N. Birnbaum. 2016. Equatorial Pacific Thermostad response to El Niño. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 8368-8378, doi:10.1002/2016JC012304.
- Desbruyères, D. G., S. G. Purkey E. L. McDonagh, G. C. Johnson, and B. A. King. 2016. Deep and abyssal ocean warming from 35 years of repeat hydrography. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,356-10,365, doi:10.1002/2016GL070413.
- Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and N. G. Loeb. 2016. Improving estimates of Earth's energy imbalance. Nature Climate Change, 6, 639-640, doi:10.1038/nclimate3043.
- Boyer, T., C. M. Domingues, S. A. Good, G. C. Johnson, J. M. Lyman, M. Ishii, V. Gouretski, J. K. Willis, J. Antonov, S. Wijffels, J. A. Church, R. Cowley, and N. L. Bindoff. 2016. Sensitivity of global upper ocean heat content estimates to mapping methods, XBT bias corrections, and baseline climatologies. Journal of Climate, 29, 4817-4842, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-08101.1.
- Gleckler, P. J., P. Durack, R. J. Stouffer, G. C. Johnson, and C. Forest. 2016. Industrial era global ocean heat uptake doubles in recent decades. Nature Climate Change, 6, 394-398, doi:10.1038/nclimate2915.
- Giglio, D., and G. C. Johnson. 2016. Subantarctic and Polar fronts of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Southern Ocean heat and freshwater variability: A view from Argo. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 479-468, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0131.1.
- Talley, L. D., R. A. Feely, B. M. Sloyan, R. Wanninkhof, M. O. Baringer, J. L. Bullister, C. A. Carlson, S. C. Doney, R. A. Fine, E. Firing, N. Gruber, D. A. Hansell, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, K. Katsumata, R. M. Key, M. Kramp, C. Langdon, A. M. Macdonald, J. T. Mathis, E. L. McDonagh, S. Mecking, F. J. Millero, C. W. Mordy, T. Nakano, C. L. Sabine, W. M. Smethie, J. H. Swift, T. Tanhua, A. M. Thurnherr, M. J. Warner, and J.-Z. Zhang. 2016. Changes in ocean heat, carbon content, and ventilation: A review of the first decade of GO-SHIP global repeat hydrography. Annual Review of Marine Science, 8, 185-215, doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829.

- Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and S. G. Purkey. 2015. Informing Deep Argo array design using Argo and full-depth hydrographic section data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 2178-2198, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0139.1.
- Youngs, M. K., and G. C. Johnson. 2015. Basin-wavelength Equatorial Deep Jet Signals across Three Oceans. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 2134-2148, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0181.1.
- Lyman, J. M., and G. C. Johnson. 2015. Anomalous eddy heat and freshwater transport in the Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JC010252.

- Johnson, G. C., K. E. McTaggart, and R. Wanninkhof. 2014. Antarctic Bottom Water temperature changes in the western South Atlantic from 1989 to 2014. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 8567-8577, doi:10.1002/2014JC010367.
- Purkey, S. G., G. C. Johnson, and D. P. Chambers. 2014. Relative contributions of ocean mass and deep steric changes to sea level rise between 1993 and 2013. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 7509-7522, doi:10.1002/2014JC010180.
- Lyman, J. M. and G. C. Johnson. 2014. Estimating global ocean heat content changes in the upper 1800 m since 1950 and the influence of climatology choice. Journal of Climate, 27, 1946-1958, doi:10.1175/ JCLI-D-12-00752.1.

- Meinvielle, M., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Decadal water-property trends in the California Undercurrent, with implications for ocean acidification. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 6687-6703, doi:10.1002/2013JC009299.
- Johnson, G. C., and D. P. Chambers. 2013. Ocean bottom pressure seasonal cycles and decadal trends from GRACE Release-05: Ocean circulation implications. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 4228-4240, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20307.
- Abraham, J. P., M. Baringer, N. L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, L. J. Cheng, J. A. Church, J. L. Conroy, C. M. Domingues, J. T. Fasullo, J. Gilson, G. Goni, S. A. Good, J. M. Gorman, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Kizu, J. M. Lyman, A. M. Macdonald, W.J. Minkowycz, S. E. Moffitt, M. D. Palmer, A. R. Piola, F. Reseghetti, K. Schuckmann, K. E. Trenberth, I. Velicogna, and J. K. Willis., 2013. A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change. Reviews of Geophysics, 51, 450-483, doi:10.1002/rog20022.
- Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Antarctic Bottom Water warming and freshening: Contributions to sea level rise, ocean freshwater budgets, and global heat gain. Journal of Climate, 26, 6105-6122, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00834.1.
- Lumpkin, R., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Global ocean surface velocities from drifters: Mean, variance, ENSO response, and seasonal cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 2992-3006, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20210.
- Otto, A., F. E. L. Otto, O. Boucher, J. Church, G. Hegerl, P. M. Forster, N. P. Gillett, J. Gregory, G. C. Johnson, R. Knutti, N. Lewis, U. Lohmann, J. Marotzke, G. Myhre, D. Shindell, B. Stevens, and M. R. Allen. 2013. Energy budget constraints on climate response. Nature Geoscience, 6, 415-416, doi:10.1038/ngeo1836.
- Schmidtko, S., G. C. Johnson, and J. M. Lyman. 2013. MIMOC: A global monthly isopycnal upper-ocean climatology with mixed layers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1658-1672, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20122.

- Czeschel, R., L. Stramma, and G. C. Johnson. 2012. Oxygen decreases and variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C11019, doi:10.1029/2012JC008043.
- Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2012. Global contraction of Antarctic Bottom Water between the 1980s and 2000s. Journal of Climate, 25, 5830-5844, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00612.1.
- Johnson, G. C., S. Schmidtko, and J. M. Lyman. 2012. Relative contributions of temperature and salinity to seasonal mixed layer density changes and horizontal density gradients. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C04015, doi:10.1029/2011JC007651.
- Loeb, N. G., J. M. Lyman, G. C. Johnson, D. R. Doelling, T. Wong, R. P. Allan, B. J. Soden, and G. L. Stephens. 2012. Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty. Nature Geoscience, 5, 110-113, doi:10.1038/ngeo1375.
- de Souza, G. F., B. C. Reynolds, G. C. Johnson, J. L. Bullister, and B. Bourdon. 2012. Silicon stable isotope distribution traces Southern Ocean export of Si to the eastern South Pacific thermocline. Biogeosciences, 9, 4119-2012, doi:10.5194/bg-9-4419-2012.
- Schmidtko, S., and G. C. Johnson. 2012. Multi-decadal warming and shoaling of Antarctic Intermediate Water. Journal of Climate, 25, 207-221, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00021.1.
- Karnauskas, K. B., G. C. Johnson, and R. Murtugudde. 2012. An equatorial ocean bottleneck in global climate models. Journal of Climate, 25, 243-249, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00059.1.

- Johnson, G. C. 2011. Deep signatures of southern tropical Indian Ocean annual Rossby waves. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 1958-1964, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-029.1.
- Johnson, G. C., and S. E. Wijffels. 2011. Ocean density change contributions to sea level rise. Oceanography, 24(2), 112-121, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.31.

- Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2010. Warming of global abyssal and deep Southern Ocean waters Between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to global heat and sea level rise budgets. Journal of Climate, 23, 6336-6351, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3682.1.
- Stramma, L., G. C. Johnson, E. Firing, and S. Schmidtko. 2010. Eastern Pacific oxygen minimum zones: Supply paths and multi-decadal changes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C09011, doi:10.1029/2009JC005976.
- Lyman, J. M., S. A. Good, V. V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, M. D. Palmer, D. A. Smith, and J. K. Willis. 2010. Robust warming of the global upper ocean. Nature, 465, 334-337, doi:10.1038/nature09043.
- Stramma, L., S. Schmidtko, L. A. Levin, and G. C. Johnson. 2010. Ocean oxygen minima expansions and their biological impacts. Deep-Sea Research I, 57, 587-595, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.005.
+ Johnson, G. C. and K. E. McTaggart. 2010. Equatorial Pacific 13°C Water eddies in the eastern subtropical South Pacific Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 226-236, doi:10.1175/2009JPO4287.1.

- Macdonald, A. M., S. Mecking, P. E. Robbins, J. M. Toole, G. C. Johnson, L. Talley, M. Cook, and S. E. Wijffels. 2009. The WOCE-era 3-D Pacific Ocean circulation and heat budget. Progress in Oceanography, 82, 281-325, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2009.08.002.
- Johnson, G. C. and K. A. Kearney. 2009. Ocean climate change fingerprints attenuated by salt fingering? Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L21603, doi:10.1029/2009GL040697.
- Roemmich, D., G. C. Johnson, S. Riser, R. Davis, J. Gilson, W. B. Owens, S. L. Garzoli, C. Schmid, and M. Ignaszewski. 2009. The Argo Program: Observing the global oceans with profiling floats. Oceanography, 22(2), 34-43, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2009.36.
- Willis, J. K., J. M. Lyman, J. M., G. C. Johnson, and J. Gilson. 2009. In situ data biases and recent ocean heat content variability. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26, 846-852, doi:10.1175/2008JTECHO608.1.
+ Johnson, G. C. and S. G. Purkey. 2009. Deep Caribbean Sea warming. Deep-Sea Research I, 56, 827-834, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.12.011.

+ Johnson, G. C., S. G. Purkey, and J. M. Toole. 2008. Reduced Antarctic meridional overturning circulation reaches the North Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L22601, doi:10.1029/2008GL035619.
+ Lyman, J. M. and G. C. Johnson. 2008. Estimating global upper ocean heat content despite irregular sampling. Journal of Climate, 21, 5629-5641, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2259.1.
+ Johnson, G. C., S. G. Purkey, and J. L. Bullister. 2008. Warming and freshening in the abyssal southeastern Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 5351-5363, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2384.1.
- Lyman, J. M. and G. C. Johnson. 2008. Equatorial Kelvin Wave influences may reach the Bering Sea during 2002 to 2005. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L14607, doi:10.1029/2008GL034761.
- Meredith, M. P., A. C. Naveira Garabato, A. L. Gordon, and G. C. Johnson. 2008. Evolution of the deep and bottom waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995-2005. Journal of Climate, 21, 3327-3343, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2238.1.
+ Johnson, G. C. 2008. Quantifying Antarctic Bottom Water and North Atlantic Deep Water Volumes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C05027, doi:10.1029/2007JC004477.
- Stramma, L., G. C. Johnson, J. Sprintall, and V. Mohrholz. 2008. Expanding Oxygen-Minimum Zones in the Tropical Oceans. Science, 320, 655-658, doi: 10.1126/science.1153847.

+ Johnson, G. C., S. Mecking, B. M. Sloyan, and S. E. Wijffels. 2007. Recent bottom water warming in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Climate, 20, 5365-5375, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI1879.1.
+ Johnson, G. C. and N. Gruber. 2007. Decadal water mass variations along 20°W in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography, 73, 277-295, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2006.03.022.
+ Johnson, G. C., J. M. Toole, and N. G. Larson. 2007. Sensor corrections for Sea-Bird SBE-41CP and SBE-41 CTDs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24, 1117-1130, doi:10.1175/JTECH2016.1.
+ Lyman, J. M., G. C. Johnson, and W. S. Kessler. 2007. Distinct 17-day and 33-day tropical instability waves in subsurface observations. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 855-872, doi:10.1175/JPO3023.1.

- Aagaard, K., T. J. Weingartner, S. L. Danielson, R. A. Woodgate, G. C. Johnson, and T. E. Whitledge. 2006. Some controls on flow and salinity in Bering Strait. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L19602, doi:10.1029/2006GL026612.
+ Lyman, J. M., J. K. Willis, and G. C. Johnson. 2006. Recent cooling of the upper ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18604, doi:10.1029/2006GL027033. see also: Willis, J. K., J. M. Lyman, G. C. Johnson, and J. Gilson. 2007. Correction to "Recent cooling of the upper ocean". Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16601, doi:10.1029/2007GL030323.
+ Johnson, G. C. and S. C. Doney. 2006. Recent western South Atlantic bottom water warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L14614, doi:10.1029/2006GL026769. see also: Johnson, G. C. and S. C. Doney. 2006. Correction to "Recent western South Atlantic bottom water warming". Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L21604, doi:10.1029/2006GL028294.
+ Johnson, G. C. 2006. Generation and initial evolution of a mode water theta-S anomaly. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36, 739-751, doi:10.1175/JPO2895.1.

- Borovikov, A., M. M. Rienecker, C. L. Keppenne, and G. C. Johnson. 2005. Multivariate error covariance estimates by Monte Carlo simulation for assimilation studies in the Pacific Ocean. Monthly Weather Review, 133, 2310-2334, doi:10.1175/MWR2984.1.
- Kelly, K. A., S. Dickinson, and G. C. Johnson. 2005. Comparisons of scatterometer and TAO winds reveal time-varying surface currents for the tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22, 735-745, doi:10.1175/JTECH1738.1.
+ Wirts, A. E. and G. C. Johnson. 2005. Recent interannual upper ocean variability in the deep southeast Bering Sea. Journal of Marine Research, 63, 381-405, doi:10.1357/0022240053693725.
+ Johnson, G. C., J. L. Bullister, and N. Gruber. 2005. Labrador Sea Water property variations in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L07602, doi:10.1029/2005GL022404.

+ Johnson, G. C., C. L. Sabine, K. E. McTaggart, and J. M. Hummon. 2004. Physical oceanographic conditions during GasEx 2001. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C08S04, doi:10.1029/2002JC001718.
- Sabine, C. L., R. A. Feely, G. C. Johnson, P. G. Strutton, M. F. Lamb, K. E. McTaggart. 2004. A mixed layer carbon budget for the GasEx-2001 experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C08S05, doi:10.1029/2002JC001747.
- Wang, O., I. Fukumori, T. Lee, and G. C. Johnson. 2004. Eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean T-S variations with El Niño. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L04305, doi:10.1029/2003GL019087.
+ Johnson, G. C., P. J. Stabeno, and S. D. Riser. 2004. The Bering Slope Current System revisited. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34, 384-398, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2004)034<0384:TBSCSR>2.0.CO;2.

+ Wong, A. P. S. and G. C. Johnson. 2003. South Pacific Eastern Subtropical Mode water. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 1493-1509, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<1493:SPESMW>2.0.CO;2.
+ Chelton, D. B., M. G. Schlax, J. M. Lyman, and G. C. Johnson. 2003. Equatorially trapped Rossby waves in the presence of meridionally sheared baroclinic flow in the Pacific Ocean. Progress in Oceanography, 56, 323-380, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(03)00008-9.
- Kessler, W. S., G. C. Johnson, and D. W. Moore. 2003. Sverdrup and nonlinear dynamics of the Pacific equatorial currents. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 994-1008, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<0994:SANDOT>2.0.CO;2.
+ Sloyan, B. M., G. C. Johnson, and W. S. Kessler. 2003. The Pacific Cold Tongue: A pathway for interhemispheric exchange. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 1027-1043, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<1027:TPCTAP>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C. and D. Zhang. 2003. Structure of the Atlantic Ocean Equatorial Deep Jets. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 600-609, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<0600:SOTAOE>2.0.CO;2.
+ Wong, A. P. S., G. C. Johnson, and W. B. Owens. 2003. Delayed-mode calibration of autonomous CTD profiling float salinity data by theta-S climatology. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 20, 308-318, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2003)020<0308:DMCOAC>2.0.CO;2.

+ Johnson, G. C., E. Kunze, K. E. McTaggart, and D. W. Moore. 2002. Temporal and spatial structure of the Equatorial Deep Jets in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, 3396-3407, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<3396:TASSOT>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C., B. M. Sloyan, W. S. Kessler, and K. E. McTaggart. 2002. Direct measurements of upper ocean currents and water properties across the tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1990's. Progress in Oceanography, 52, 31-61, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(02)00021-6.
- Warren, B. A. and G. C.Johnson. 2002. The overflows across the Ninetyeast Ridge. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1423-1439, doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00156-4.
- DiMarco, S. F., P. Chapman, W. D. Nowlin, Jr., P. Hacker, K. Donohue, M. Luther, G. C.Johnson, and J. Toole. 2002. Volume transport and property distributions of the Mozambique Channel. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1481-1511, doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00159-X.
- Lamb, M. F., C. L. Sabine, R. A. Feely, R. Wanninkhof, R. M. Key, G. C. Johnson, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, T.-H. Peng, A. Kozyr, J. L. Bullister, D. Greeley, R. H. Byrne, D. W. Chipman, A. G. Dickson, C. Goyet, P. R. Guenther, M. Ishii, K. M. Johnson, C. D. Keeling, T. Ono, K. Shitashima, B. Tilbrook, T. Takahashi, D. W. R. Wallace, Y. Watanabe, C. Winn, and C. S. Wong. 2002. Consistency and synthesis of Pacific Ocean CO2 survey data. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 21-58, doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00093-5.

+ Meinen, C. S., M. J. McPhaden, and G. C. Johnson. 2001. Vertical velocities and transports in the equatorial Pacific during 1993-1999. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 3230-3248, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<3230:VVATIT>2.0.CO;2.
+ Kelly, K. A., S. Dickinson, M. J. McPhaden, and G. C. Johnson. 2001. Ocean currents evident in satellite wind data. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2469-2472, doi:10.1029/2000GL012610.
+ Johnson, G. C., P. E. Robbins, and G. E. Hufford. 2001. Systematic Adjustments of Hydrographic Sections for Internal Consistency. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 18, 1234-1244, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<1234:SAOHSF>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C. 2001. The Pacific Ocean subtropical cell surface limb. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 1771-1774, doi:10.1029/2000GL012723.
- Daly, K. L., W. O. Smith Jr., G. C. Johnson, G. R. DiTullio, D. R. Jones, C. W. Mordy, R. A Feely, D. A. Hansell, and J.-Z. Zhang. 2001. Hydrography, nutrients, and carbon pools in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean: Implications for carbon flux. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 7107-7124, doi:10.1029/1999JC000090.
+ Johnson, G. C., M. J. McPhaden, and E. Firing. 2001. Equatorial Pacific Ocean horizontal velocity, divergence, and upwelling. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 839-849, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<0839:EPOHVD>2.0.CO;2. see also: Corrigendum. 2001. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 1936, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1936:C>2.0.CO;2.

+ Rowe, G. D., E. Firing, and G. C. Johnson. 2000. Pacific Equatorial Subsurface Countercurrent velocity, transport, and potential vorticity. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 1172-1187, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<1172:PESCVT>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C., M. J. McPhaden, G. D. Rowe, and K. E. McTaggart. 2000. Upper equatorial Pacific Ocean current and salinity variability during the 1996-1998 El Niño - La Niña cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 1037-1053, doi:10.1029/1999JC900280.

+ Johnson, G. C. and M. J. McPhaden. 1999. Interior pycnocline flow from the subtropical to the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29, 3073-3089, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<3073:IPFFTS>2.0.CO;2.
+ Orsi, A. H., G. C. Johnson, and J. L. Bullister. 1999. Circulation, mixing, and production of Antarctic Bottom Water. Progress in Oceanography, 43, 55-109, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(99)00004-X.

+ Johnson, G. C., D. L. Musgrave, B. A. Warren, A. Ffield, and D. B. Olson. 1998. Flow of bottom and deep water in the Amirante Passage and Mascarene Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 30973-30984, doi:10.1029/1998JC900027.
+ Johnson, G. C. 1998.Deep water properties, velocities, and dynamics over ocean trenches. Journal of Marine Research, 56, 329-347, doi:10.1357/002224098321822339.

+ Johnson, G. C. and L. D. Talley. 1997. Deep tracer and dynamical plumes in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 24953-24964, doi:10.1029/97JC01913.
+ Johnson, G. C. and D. W. Moore. 1997. The Pacific Subsurface Countercurrents and an inertial model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27, 2448-2459, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1997)027<2448:TPSCAA>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C. and A. H. Orsi. 1997. Southwest Pacific Ocean water-mass changes between 1968/69 and 1990/91. Journal of Climate, 10, 306-316, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0306:SPOWMC>2.0.CO;2.

+ Thompson, L. and G. C. Johnson. 1996. Abyssal currents generated by diffusion and geothermal heating over rises. Deep-Sea Research I, 43, 193-211, doi:10.1016/0967-0637(96)00095-7.
- Dziak, R. P., C. G. Fox, R. W. Embly, J. E. Lupton, G. C. Johnson, W. W. Chadwick, and R. A. Koski. 1996. Detection of and response to a probable volcanogenic T-wave event swarm on the Western Blanco Transform Fault Zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 23, 873-876, doi:10.1029/96GL00240.

+ Johnson, G. C. 1995. Revised XCTD fall-rate equations coefficients from CTD data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 12, 1367-1373, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1995)012<1367:RXFREC>2.0.CO;2.

+ Johnson, G. C., T. B. Sanford, and M. O. Baringer. 1994. Stress on the Mediterranean outflow plume. Part I: Velocity and water property measurements. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 2072-2083, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1994)024<2072:SOTMOP>2.0.CO;2.
+ Johnson, G. C., R. G. Lueck, and T. B. Sanford. 1994. Stress on the Mediterranean outflow plume. Part II: Turbulent dissipation and shear measurements. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 2084-2092, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1994)024<2084:SOTMOP>2.0.CO;2.
- Johnson, G. C., D. L. Rudnick, and B. A. Taft. 1994. Bottom water variability in the Samoa Passage. Journal of Marine Research, 52, 177-196, doi:10.1357/0022240943077118.
+ Johnson, G. C. and D. R. Ohlsen. 1994. Frictionally modified rotating channel exchange and ocean outflows. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 66-78, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1994)024<0066:FMRHCE>2.0.CO;2.
+ Talley, L. D. and G. C. Johnson. 1994. Deep, zonal subequatorial currents. Science, 263, 1125-1128, doi:10.1126/science.263.5150.1125.

+ Johnson, G. C. 1993. A deep inertial jet on a sloping bottom near the equator. Deep-Sea Research I, 40, 1781-1792, doi:10.1016/0967-0637(93)90032-X.
- Johnson, G. C. and J. M. Toole. 1993. Flow of deep and bottom waters in the Pacific at 10°N. Deep-Sea Research I, 40, 371-394, doi:10.1016/0967-0637(93)90009-R.
+ Price, J. F., M. O. Baringer, R. G. Lueck, G. C. Johnson, I. Ambar, G. Parilla, A. Cantos, M. A. Kennelly, and T. B. Sanford. 1993. Mediterranean outflow mixing and dynamics. Science, 259, 1277-1282, doi:10.1126/science.259.5099.1277.

+ Johnson, G. C. and T. B. Sanford. 1992. Secondary circulation in the Faroe Bank Channel outflow. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22, 927-933, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1992)022<0927:SCITFB>2.0.CO;2.
- Warren, B. A. and G. C. Johnson. 1992. Deep currents in the Arabian Sea in 1987. Marine Geology, 104, 279-288, doi:10.1016/0025-3227(92)90102-N.

+ Johnson, G. C., B. A. Warren, and D. B. Olson. 1991. Flow of bottom water in the Somali Basin. Deep-Sea Research, 38, 637-652, doi:10.1016/0198-0149(91)90003-X.
+ Johnson, G. C., B. A. Warren, and D. B. Olson. 1991. A deep boundary current in the Arabian Basin. Deep-Sea Research, 38, 653-661, doi:10.1016/0198-0149(91)90004-Y.


+ Johnson, G. C. and H. L. Bryden. 1989. On the size of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Deep-Sea Research, 36, 39-53, doi:10.1016/0198-0149(89)90017-4.

this page last updated 8 September 2020